The competition for rosters spots on school sports teams seems to be more ferocious than ever. Tryouts pose a particular challenge to young athletes still playing summer sports. Here are some tips for parents on how they can help their child perform at their best during tryouts:
- Make sure the child's preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) is up-to-date. Not only are PPEs important in identifying physical conditions effecting sports participation, such as asthma or a history of concussions, a signed, up-to-date PPE form is required by virtually all schools before an athlete is allowed to play sports. Because different schools use different PPE forms, make sure your child's doctor signs the correct form and that you make three copies: one for your records, one for your child to hand-deliver to the school nurse, and a third to hand-deliver to the coach/athletic director. Many a athlete has missed the first critical days of tryouts because the PPE form was lost or is outdated. Have all dental work and check-ups completed weeks in advance.
- Make sure your athlete gets enough sleep. Studies show teenagers need nine hours of sleep but only get about seven.1 A tired athlete, especially one still playing fall sports, isn't going to be able to perform at their best during tryouts. You can help by setting a consistent "lights-out" time for turning off the computer, cell phone, MP3, and TV, so your athlete gets the rest needed for peak performance. Have phones and other handheld devices docked away from the bedroom to reduce the opportunity for late night texting and gaming.
- Make sure the shoe fits. Poorly-fitting or worn-out shoes can trip up an athlete on the way to making the team. Make sure your young athlete is trying out in properly-fitting shoes (or, in th case of hockey, skates), that they have been broken in before tryouts start and that they are providing the proper support. Many an athlete has been sidelined by blisters from practicing hard in brand-new shoes. It is also important, both for peak performance and to prevent overuse injuries, that the shoes be periodically replaced. For athletes playing tennis, basketball or volleyball, shoes should be replaced every month for those playing 5 to 6 times a week and every 3 to 4 months for those playing 2-3 times a week.
- Be pro-active about hydration: Even mild dehydration can keep an athlete from performing at his best during tryouts. Staying hydrated during the school day is particularly challenging because athletes often can't or don't remember to hydrate properly or regularly. Indeed, studies show2 that many athletes are dehydrated before they even start their sport, making it difficult to catch up. Three things to remember about hydration: First, athletes need to be hydrated for sports, no matter the season or the weather. Even athletes exercising outside in cold weather get dehydrated. Second, water does not hydrate as effectively as a sport drink like Gatorade that is scientifically formulated with fluid, electrolytes and carbohydrates to rapidly replace what athletes lose in sweat and provide energy to keep them at the top of their game.3 And, third, remember that thirst is not a good indicator of hydration, so encourage athletes to drink on a schedule and teach this simple urine color test to determine hydration status.
- Fuel Sports Nutrition gaps: The importance of proper nutrition and hydration in athletic performance is often overlooked, but cannot be stressed enough. Athletes need to be properly fueled before, during and after tryouts, especially multi-day tryouts, to get the most out of their bodies and perform at their best. Athletes typically have little time in the school day to eat before tryouts, so they start on an empty stomach or choose ineffective sources of fuel based on what's readily available. And there is often a time gap between the end of a practice or game and sitting down to dinner when, studies show, tired muscles need protein to recover to get ready for the next day of the tryout.4 Make sure your athlete has the right fuel when it's needed by packing scientifically developed sports nutrition products like Gatorade's G Series to provide the fuel, fluids and nutrients athletes before and during sports, and the fluid and protein they need to recover after a grueling day of tryouts.
- Proper safety and sports equipment is key. Not having the right equipment (wrestling helmet, swim goggles etc.) could knock an athlete out of a tryout before it even starts. As competition for roster spots becomes more and more intense, the risk of injury from a flying elbow to the mouth or a finger poke to the eye increases. Making sure your young athlete has a mouthguard and is wearing protective goggles will help keep him in the game.
Brooke de Lench is Founder and Publisher of MomsTeam.com and the author of Home Team Advantage: The Critical Role of Mothers in Youth Sports.
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1. Owens, Judy A., and Jodi A. Mindell. Take Charge of Your Child's Sleep: The All-in-One Resource for Solving Sleep Problems in Kids and Teens, New York: Marlowe & Company, 2005.
2. Walker M. Casa, D, Levreault M, Psathas E, Sparrow S, Decher R. "Children Participating in Summer Soccer Camps are Chronically Dehydrated" Med & Sci in Sports & Ex. (2004); 36(5): S180-181; Desher N, Casa D, Yeargin S, Levreault M, Cross C, McCaffrey M, Psathas E. "Attitudes Toward Hydration and Incidence of Dehydration in Youths at Summer Soccer Camp" Med. & Sci in Sports & Ex. (2004); 37(5): S463.
3. Gisolfi CV, Lambert GP, Summers RW. "Intestinal fluid absorption during exercise: role of sport drink osmolality and [Na+]" Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001; 33:907-915.
4. Ivy J, Goforth HW Jr, Damon BM, McCauley TR, Parsons EC, Price TB. "Early postexercise muscle glycogen recovery is enhanced with a carbohydrate-protein supplement.: J Appl Physiol. 2002; 93(4):1337-44.
Created October 21, 2010